Commit cb14e3b4 authored by Elisa Nury's avatar Elisa Nury
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Revert "Merge branch 'patch-3' into 'master'"

This reverts merge request !15
parent bedb50f8
......@@ -426,7 +426,7 @@
<div n="6" type="section">
<head xml:id="structure">Text structure</head>
<div type="subsection" n="1">
<head xml:id="syntax">Defining a syntax to describe the text structure</head>
<head xml:id="syntax">Defining a syntax</head>
<p>In all parts of a documentary papyrus, the supplied information is ruled by a
syntax that is closely linked to the type of document taken into
consideration. It is characterized, among other criteria, by the order of
......@@ -460,15 +460,29 @@
</list></p>
<p><term xml:lang="grc">χαίρειν</term> = necessary additional information.</p>
<p>(<term xml:lang="grc">χαίρειν</term>) = optional information.</p>
<p>/ = alternative possibility</p>
<p>For instance, the opening section of a letter may be described as:</p>
<p>/ = alternative possibility</p>
</div>
<div type="subsection" n="2">
<head xml:id="heading">Heading</head>
<p>In many cases, documents start with a heading, i.e. a section that provides
some essential information on the process of transmission of information.
Some of the following elements may appear in a heading:</p>
<list type="unordered">
<item>Name of the person who prepared the document (sender).</item>
<item>Name of the person who should receive the information
(addressee).</item>
<item>Place.</item>
<item>Date.</item>
<item>Title describing the contents of the document.</item>
</list>
<p>For instance, the heading of a letter may be described as:</p>
<p>[from <hi rend="italic">name</hi> &lt;nom.&gt;] [to <hi rend="italic">name</hi> (<hi rend="italic">official</hi> / <hi rend="italic">relative</hi> / <hi rend="italic">friend</hi>) &lt;dat.&gt;]
[<term xml:lang="grc">χαίρειν</term>]</p>
<p><term xml:lang="grc">Σαραπίων Ἀμμωναρίῳ τῇ μητρὶ χαίρειν</term>.</p>
<p>or</p>
<p>[to <hi rend="italic">name</hi> &lt;dat.&gt;] [from <hi rend="italic">name</hi> &lt;nom.&gt;] ([<term xml:lang="grc">χαίρειν</term>])</p>
<p><term xml:lang="grc">Ἀλεξάνδρῳ Φίλων</term></p>
<p>In the case of a business letter, the opening may be expanded as:</p>
<p>In the case of a business letter, the heading may be expanded as:</p>
<p>[from <hi rend="italic">name</hi> &lt;nom.&gt;] [to <hi rend="italic">name</hi> &lt;dat.&gt;] ([through <term xml:lang="grc">διά</term> <hi rend="italic">name</hi> (<hi rend="italic">function</hi>) &lt;gen.&gt;]) <term xml:lang="grc">χαίρειν</term></p>
<p><term xml:lang="grc">Στοτοῆτις Μενάνδρῳ διὰ Νίκωνος χειριστοῦ χαίρειν</term>.</p>
<p>Request sent to an authority:</p>
......@@ -477,13 +491,13 @@
<term xml:lang="grc">μετὰ</term> (<term xml:lang="grc">κυρίου</term>) <hi rend="italic">name</hi> (<hi rend="italic">function</hi>)
&lt;gen.&gt;])</p>
<p><term xml:lang="grc">Πλουτάρχῳ στρατηγῷ παρὰ Τασουχαρίου μετὰ κυρίου τοῦ ἀνδρὸς Διογένους</term>.</p>
<p>Business note opening:</p>
<p>Business note heading:</p>
<p>[from <term xml:lang="grc">παρά</term> <hi rend="italic">name</hi> &lt;gen.&gt;]</p>
<p><term xml:lang="grc">Παρὰ Πεκύσεως</term>.</p>
<p>Business note footer:</p>
<p>[to <hi rend="italic">name</hi> &lt;dat.&gt;]</p>
<p><term xml:lang="grc">Ἡρακλείδει</term>.</p>
<p>Opening section of a contract drafted in a notary’s office (objective
<p>Heading of a contract drafted in a notary’s office (objective
formulation):</p>
<p>[date <hi rend="italic">regnal year</hi> &lt;gen.&gt; <hi rend="italic">emperor’s titulature</hi> &lt;gen.&gt; <hi rend="italic">month</hi>
&lt;gen. / invariable&gt;
......@@ -491,42 +505,9 @@
(<hi rend="italic">nome</hi> &lt;gen.&gt;)]</p>
<p><term xml:lang="grc">Ἔτους δεκάτου Ἁδριανοῦ Καίσαρος τοῦ κυρίου, Φαῶφι ε, ἐν Φιλαδελφείᾳ τῆς
Ἡρακλείδου μερίδος τοῦ Ἀρσινοΐτου νομοῦ</term>.</p>
<p>Beginning of the contract description:</p>
<p>[<term xml:lang="grc">ὁμολογεῖ</term>] [from <hi rend="italic">name</hi> &lt;nom.&gt;
(parent(s) <hi rend="italic">name</hi> &lt;gen.&gt;)
(age <term xml:lang="grc">ὡς ἐτῶν</term> <hi rend="italic">number</hi> &lt;gen.&gt; physical description
<hi rend="italic">body mark</hi> &lt;nom.&gt; <hi rend="italic">location
of body mark</hi> &lt;dat.&gt;)] [to <hi rend="italic">name</hi>
&lt;dat.&gt;]</p>
<p><term xml:lang="grc">Ὁμολογεῖ Αὐρηλία Κυρίλλα μητρὸς Σαραπιάδος ὡς ἐτῶν κε οὐλὴ ἀντικνημίῳ
ἀριστερῷ Αὐρηλίῳ Διδύμῳ...</term></p>
<p>Signature</p>
<p>[from <hi rend="italic">name</hi> (<hi rend="italic">function</hi>)
&lt;nom.&gt;] [<term xml:lang="grc">ἐπιδέδωκα</term> / <term xml:lang="grc">σεσημείωμαι</term>]</p>
<p><term xml:lang="grc">Πέταυς κωμογραμματεὺς ἐπιδέδωκα</term>.</p>
<p><term xml:lang="grc">Ἑρμᾶς σεσημείωμαι</term>.</p>
<p>Address</p>
<p>[<term xml:lang="grc">ἀπόδος</term>] ([to <hi rend="italic">name</hi> &lt;dat.&gt;]) ([place <term xml:lang="grc">ἐν</term> <hi rend="italic">village</hi> / <hi rend="italic">city</hi> &lt;dat.&gt;])
([from <term xml:lang="grc">ἀπό</term> / <term xml:lang="grc">παρά</term> <hi rend="italic">name</hi> &lt;gen.&gt;])</p>
<p><term xml:lang="grc">Ἀπόδος Ἀπολλωνίῳ ἐν Τεβτύνει παρὰ Νεμεσιλλης</term>.</p>
<p><term xml:lang="grc">Ἀπόδος Ἀνουβίωνι ἀπὸ Τασουχαρίου</term>.</p>
</div>
<div type="subsection" n="2">
<head xml:id="heading">Opening</head>
<p>The opening section provides some essential information on the process of transmission of information.
Some of the following elements may appear:</p>
<list type="unordered">
<item>Name of the person who prepared the document (sender).</item>
<item>Name of the person who should receive the information
(addressee).</item>
<item>Place.</item>
<item>Date.</item>
<item>Title describing the contents of the document.</item>
<item>An opening salutation.
</list>
</div>
<div type="subsection" n="3">
<head xml:id="body">Main text</head>
<head xml:id="body">Main body</head>
<p>This section contains the essential information that determines the type of
document, as for example:</p>
<list type="unordered">
......@@ -537,28 +518,45 @@
<item>In a petition, the plaintiff will provide an authority with a
description of the event or situation that led him to take
action.</item>
<item>The sequence of entries in a list constitute the main text, as opposed
to an opening or closing section.</item>
<item>The sequence of entries in a list constitute the main body, as opposed
to a heading or to a footer.</item>
</list>
<p>Beginning of the contract description:</p>
<p>[<term xml:lang="grc">ὁμολογεῖ</term>] [from <hi rend="italic">name</hi> &lt;nom.&gt;
(parent(s) <hi rend="italic">name</hi> &lt;gen.&gt;)
(age <term xml:lang="grc">ὡς ἐτῶν</term> <hi rend="italic">number</hi> &lt;gen.&gt; physical description
<hi rend="italic">body mark</hi> &lt;nom.&gt; <hi rend="italic">location
of body mark</hi> &lt;dat.&gt;)] [to <hi rend="italic">name</hi>
&lt;dat.&gt;]</p>
<p><term xml:lang="grc">Ὁμολογεῖ Αὐρηλία Κυρίλλα μητρὸς Σαραπιάδος ὡς ἐτῶν κε οὐλὴ ἀντικνημίῳ
ἀριστερῷ Αὐρηλίῳ Διδύμῳ...</term></p>
</div>
<div type="subsection" n="4">
<head xml:id="heading">Closing</head>
<p>The closing section comes after the main text and can consist of one or more of the following elements:<p>
<list type="unordered">
<item>Signature:by adding his name, together with a verb indicating some kind of confirmation
<head xml:id="docket">Transmission docket</head>
<p>By adding his name, together with a verb indicating transmission (e.g.
<term xml:lang="grc">ἐπιδέδωκα</term>), the author of a document formally states that
he has submitted it to the relevant authority.</p>
</div>
<div type="subsection" n="5">
<head xml:id="signature">Signature</head>
<p>By adding his name, together with a verb indicating some kind of confirmation
(e.g. <term xml:lang="grc">σεσημείωμαι</term>, where a seal may have only a virtual
existence), an individual gives authority to a document that was prepared by
another party.<item>
<item>Transmission docket:By adding his name, together with a verb indicating transmission (e.g.
<term xml:lang="grc">ἐπιδέδωκα</term>), the author of a document formally states that
he has submitted it to the relevant authority.<item>
<item>Subscription: a subscription – or apostil – is a note added to the bottom of a document by
another party.</p>
<p>Signature</p>
<p>[from <hi rend="italic">name</hi> (<hi rend="italic">function</hi>)
&lt;nom.&gt;] [<term xml:lang="grc">ἐπιδέδωκα</term> / <term xml:lang="grc">σεσημείωμαι</term>]</p>
<p><term xml:lang="grc">Πέταυς κωμογραμματεὺς ἐπιδέδωκα</term>.</p>
<p><term xml:lang="grc">Ἑρμᾶς σεσημείωμαι</term>.</p>
</div>
<div type="subsection" n="6">
<head xml:id="subscription">Subscription</head>
<p>A subscription – or apostil – is a note added to the bottom of a document by
the addressee, providing some feedback about the information received
through the document. Unless it is quoted indirectly, it is normally written
by another hand.<item>
<item>A closing salutation.<item>
by another hand.</p>
</div>
<div type="subsection" n="5">
<div type="subsection" n="7">
<head xml:id="date">Date</head>
<p>In the Ptolemaic and Roman periods, a date normally consists of a regnal year
(with titulature), month name (mostly Egyptian, but also Macedonian or
......@@ -573,17 +571,22 @@
<citedRange>87 and 123</citedRange>
</bibl></p>
</div>
<div type="subsection" n="6">
<div type="subsection" n="8">
<head xml:id="abstract">Abstract</head>
<p>An abstract summarizes the contents of a document, e.g. a contract.</p>
</div>
<div type="subsection" n="7">
<div type="subsection" n="9">
<head xml:id="address">Address</head>
<p>An address, usually written on the back of a sheet, indicates the name of the
addressee, and sometimes of the sender. It is distinct from instructions for
delivery (<term xml:lang="grc">σημασία</term>).</p>
<p>Address</p>
<p>[<term xml:lang="grc">ἀπόδος</term>] ([to <hi rend="italic">name</hi> &lt;dat.&gt;]) ([place <term xml:lang="grc">ἐν</term> <hi rend="italic">village</hi> / <hi rend="italic">city</hi> &lt;dat.&gt;])
([from <term xml:lang="grc">ἀπό</term> / <term xml:lang="grc">παρά</term> <hi rend="italic">name</hi> &lt;gen.&gt;])</p>
<p><term xml:lang="grc">Ἀπόδος Ἀπολλωνίῳ ἐν Τεβτύνει παρὰ Νεμεσιλλης</term>.</p>
<p><term xml:lang="grc">Ἀπόδος Ἀνουβίωνι ἀπὸ Τασουχαρίου</term>.</p>
</div>
<div type="subsection" n="8">
<div type="subsection" n="10">
<head xml:id="copies">Copies and embedded documents</head>
<p>A document can be a copy (<term xml:lang="grc">ἀντίγραφον</term>) from an original. Through
this process, it loses most of the layout found in the original document.
......
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